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Dr Ian Stephen

BSc UCL, MPhil Cantab, PhD St Andrews.

Associate Investigator

Contact Details

Office : C3B 612
Phone : +61 2 9850 8001
email : ian.stephen@mq.edu.au
Homepage : http://www.psy.mq.edu.au/staffDirectory/ian_stephen.htm
ORCID : http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9714-8295

External Address

Department of Psychology
Macquarie University

Recent External Appointments

  • Editor, Editorial Board, Cogent Psychology. (2014 continuing)
  • Honorary Associate, Professor of Psychology, University of Nottingham, UK. (2014 continuing)
  • Editor, Editorial Board, Human Ethology Bulletin. (2013 continuing)
  • Editor, Editorial Board, PLoS ONE. (2012 continuing)

External Memberships

  • Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • Human Behavior and Evolution Society
  • European Human Behavior and Evolution Association
  • Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour
  • Board Member, International Society for Human Ethology
  • Institute of Leadership and Management
  • Association for Psychological Science
  • Experimental Psychology Society
  • Faculty of 1000

Awards

  • UniJobs Australian Lecturer of the Year – top 10 at Macquarie (2014), Stephen, I.D.

Recent Grants Awarded

  • ARC CCD Cross Program Support Scheme (2018) "The Effect of Visual Body Size Adaptation on Multimodal Representations of the Self." Stephen, I., Brooks, K., Zopf, R., & Polito, V. ($24,846)
  • Macquarie University Strategic Infrastructure Scheme (2017) "Mobile eyetracking laboratory." Kruger, J., Boisvert, I., Pachman, M., Kruger, H., Blythe, J., Benders, T., Fang, J., Badcock, N., Brooks, K.R., Caruana, N., Stephen, I., & Mitchison, D. ($132,888)
  • Open Access Fund (2015) "Daily consumption of a fruit and vegetable smoothie alters facial skin colour." (US$1,350) Stephen, I ($1,890)
  • Macquarie University Research Development Grant (2015 - 2016) "A visual adaptation model of body size misperception." Stephen, I.D., Brooks, K., & Stevenson, D. ($49,971)
  • MQSIS Equipment Fund (2014 - 2015) "3DMDflex7 3D face and body scanner." Stephen, I ($149,833)
  • University of Nottingham Faculty of Science Teaching & Learning Fund (2013) "Developing a series of tutorial materials for the School of Psychology." (RM 10,000) Sheppard, E., McKenzie, K., Stephen, I.D., & Price, J.M. ($3,563)
  • Crops For the Future Research Centre PLUS Grant (2013) "Effects of carotenoid-rich smoothy consumption on skin colour and healthy appearance." (RM 40,000) Stephen, I.D., Graf, B.A., Mitra, S.R., & Wei, T.K. ($14,254)
  • Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia Academic Training Scheme IPTA (MOHE-SLAI) (2012 - 2015) "Anxiety in young adolescents: An examination of the perception of facial threat and role of temperament in parenting practices." (RM 180,000) Binti Mustapha, R., & Stephen, I.D. ($64,140)
  • University of Nottingham Faculty of Science Equipment Grant (2012) "For purchase of Konika Minolta CM700 spectrophotometer." (RM 51,600) Stephen, I.D. ($18,387)
  • Crops for the Future Research Centre Small Project Grant (2012 - 2013) "Developing a smoothy for delivery of underutilised fruit and vegetables." (RM 5,000) Stephen, I.D., Graf, B.A., Mitra, S.R., & Wei, T.K. ($1,782)
  • University of Nottingham Faculty of Science Pump Priming Grant (2011 - 2012) "Using 2D and 3D imaging to identify the relationship between health and appearance." (RM 27,500) Stephen, I.D. ($9,800)

Media Engagement

Selected Publications

Book Chapters

  • Stephen, I.D., Burke, D., & Sulikowski, D. (In Press). Carruthers on massive modularity. In T.K. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
  • Stephen, I.D., & Perrett, D.I. (2015). Color and face perception. In A. Elliot, M. Fairchild, & Franklin, A. (Eds.), Handbook of Color Psychology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Stephen, I.D., & Tan, K.W. (2015). Healthy body, healthy face? Evolutionary approaches to health perception. In E. Sheppard & S. Haque (Eds.), Culture and Cognition: A Collection of Critical Essays. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang International Academic Publishers.

Periodicals

  • Burke, D., Sulikowski, D., Stephen, I.D., & Brooks, R. (2017). Inconsistent with the data: Support for the CLASH model depends on the wrong kind of latitude. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, e80. doi:10.1017/S0140525X16001242
  • Stephen, I.D., Burke, D., & Sulikowski, D. (2017). Tinbergen's "four questions" provide a formal framework for a more complete understanding of prosocial biases in favor of attractive people. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, e44. doi:10.1017/S0140525X16000650
  • Sturman, D., Stephen, I.D., Mond, J., Stevenson, R.J., & Brooks, K.R. (2017). Independent aftereffects of fat and muscle: Implications for neural encoding, body space representation, and body image disturbance. Scientific Reports, 7, 40392. doi:10.1038/srep40392
  • Tan, K.W., Graf, B.A., Mitra, S.R., & Stephen, I.D. (In Press). Impact of fresh fruit smoothie consumption on apparent health of Asian faces. Evolution and Human Behavior. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2017.02.004
  • Brierley, M.-E., Brooks, K.R., Mond, J., Stevenson, R.J., & Stephen, I.D. (2016). The body and the beautiful: Health, attractiveness and body composition in men’s and women’s bodies. PLoS ONE, 11(6), e0156722. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0156722
  • Brooks, K.R., Mond, J.M., Stevenson, R.J., & Stephen, I.D. (2016). Body image distortion and exposure to extreme body types: Contingent adaptation and cross adaptation for self and other. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10, 334. doi:10.3389/fnins.2016.00334
  • Stephen, I.D., Bickersteth, C., Mond, J., Stevenson, R.J., & Brooks, K.R. (2016). No effect of featural attention on body size aftereffects. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1223. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01223
  • Tan, C.B.Y., Sheppard, E., & Stephen, I.D. (2016). Recognizing dynamic faces in Malaysian Chinese participants. Perception, 45(3), 300-314. doi:10.1177/0301006615607247
  • Zuniga, A., Stevenson, R.J., Mahmut, M.K., & Stephen, I.D. (2016). Diet quality and the attractiveness of male body odor. Evolution and Human Behavior, 38(1), 136-143. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2016.08.002
  • Tan, C.B.Y., Sheppard, E., & Stephen, I.D. (2015). A change in strategy: Static emotion recognition in Malaysian Chinese. Cogent Psychology, 2(1), 1085941. doi:10.1080/23311908.2015.1085941
  • Tan, K.W., Graf, B.A., Mitra, S.R., & Stephen, I.D. (2015). Daily consumption of a fruit and vegetable smoothie alters facial skin color. PLoS One, 10(7), e0133445. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0133445
  • Van Den Abbeele, J., Penton-Voak, I.S., Attwood, A.S., Stephen, I.D., & Munafo, M.R. (2015). Increased facial attractiveness following moderate, but not high, alcohol consumption. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 50(3), 296-301. doi:10.1093/alcalc/agv010
  • Coetzee, V., Greeff, J., Stephen, I.D., & Perrett, D.I. (2014). Cross-cultural agreement in facial attractiveness preferences: The role of ethnicity and gender. PLoS ONE, 9(7), e99629. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0099629
  • Stephen, I.D. (2014). Putting the theory before the data: Is “massive modularity” a necessary foundation of evolutionary psychology? Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1158. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01158
  • Stephen, I.D. & Perera, A.T.M. (2014). Judging the difference between attractiveness and health: Does media influence body weight preferences? PLoS ONE, 9(1), e86302. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086302
  • Stephen, I.D., & Perera, A.T.M. (2014). Judging the differences between women's attractiveness and health: Is there really a difference between judgments made by men and women? Body Image, 11(2), 183–186. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2013.11.007
  • Stephen, I.D., Mahmut, M.K., Case, T.I., Fitness, J., & Stevenson, R.J. (2014). The uniquely predictive power of evolutionary approaches to mind and behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1372. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01372
  • Stephen, I.D. (2013). Book review: Applied Evolutionary Psychology by C. Roberts (Ed). British Journal of Psychology, 104, 438-442.
  • Stephen, I.D. (2013). On aims and methods of facial attractiveness research: The lasting influence of Tinbergen (1963). Human Ethology Bulletin: Special Issue on Tinbergen, 28(4), 31-38. [Link]
  • Tan, K.W., & Stephen, I.D. (2013). Colour detection thresholds in faces and colour patches. Perception, 42(7), 733-741.
  • Danel, D.P., Saxton, T.K., Fedurek, P., Nowak, N., Stephen, I.D., Stirrat, M., Coetzee, V., & Perrett, D.I. (2012). Does the natural visual experience affect preferences for population-specific face shapes? Ethology, 118, 1173-1181.
  • Park, J., van Leeuwen, F., & Stephen, I.D. (2012). Homeliness is in the disgust sensitivity of the beholder: Relatively unattractive faces appear especially unattractive to individuals higher in pathogen disgust. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 569-577.
  • Stephen, I.D. (2012). Book review: New directions in colour studies. British Journal of Psychology, 103, 428-430.
  • Stephen, I.D., * Oldham, F.H., Perrett, D.I., & Barton, R.A. (2012). Redness enhances perceived aggression, dominance and attractiveness in men’s faces. Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 562-572.
  • Stephen, I.D., Scott, I.M.L., Coetzee, V., Pound, N., & Penton-Voak, I.S. (2012). Cross-cultural effects of colour, but not masculinity, preferences in men’s faces. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 260-267.
  • Tan, C.B.Y., Stephen, I.D., Whitehead, R., & Sheppard, E. (2012). You look familiar: How Malaysian Chinese recognize faces. PLoS ONE,, 7, e29714.
  • Whitehead, R.D., Stephen, I.D., Coetzee, V., Ozakinci, G., & Perrett, D.I. (2012). Reply: Fruit-and-vegetable consumption may not be “inadequate”. American Journal of Public Health, 102, e3-4.
  • Perrett, D.I., Re, D., Whitehead, R., Stephen, I.D., & Xiao, D. (2011). Perception of health and facial attractiveness is influenced by small changes to lifestyle. Journal of Vision, 11, 564.
  • Stephen, I.D., Coetzee, V., & Perrett, D.I. (2011). Skin carotenoid and melanin coloration affect perceived health of human faces. Evolution & Human Behavior, 32, 216-227.
  • Whitehead, R.D., Stephen, I.D., Coetzee, V., Ozakinci, G., & Perrett, D.I. (2011). Appealing to vanity: Could seeing potential appearance gains motivate fruit and vegetable consumption? American Journal of Public Health, 102, 207-211.

Published Abstracts

  • Brooks, K.R., Sturman, D., Mond, J., Stevenson, R., & Stephen, I. (2016). The neural encoding of bodies along the dimensions of fat and muscle [Abstract]. Perception, 45, 83. doi:0.1177/0301006616671273
  • Brooks, K., Stephen, I.D., Murley, A., Mond, J., & Stevenson, D. (2015). Representation of body size for self and other: Simple-, cross- and contingent adaptation [Abstract]. Perception, 44, 118.
  • Keeble, D., Wong, H.K., & Stephen, I. (2015). The own-race bias for face recognition in Malaysians and Whites [Abstract]. Perception, 44, 23.

Conference Presentations, Colloquia, and other presentations

  • Stephen, I. (2017, July). Change how you view yourself in two minutes. Invited presentation given at the Macquarie University Discovery Day, Sydney.
  • Brierley, M.-E., Brooks, K.R., Mond, J., Stevenson, R.J., & Stephen, I.D. (2016, October). The body and the beautiful: Health, attractiveness and body composition in men’s and women’s bodies. Paper presented at the 5th Australasian Conference of Undergraduate Research (ACUR), CQUniversity Australia, Rockhampton.
  • Stephen, I.D., Brierley, M.-E., Brooks, K.R., Mond, J., & Stevenson, R.J. (2016, August). The body and the beautiful: Health, attractiveness and body composition in men’s and women’s bodies. Paper presented at the 23rd Biennial Congress of the International Society for Human Ethology (ISHE), Stirling, Scotland.
  • Keeble, D., Wong, H.K., & Stephen, I. (2016, July). The presence of external features eliminates the own-race bias. Poster session presented at the 12th Annual Asia Pacific Conference on Vision (APCV 2016), Fremantle.
  • Bickersteth, C., Brooks, K., & Stephen, I.D (2015, September). The role of attention in body size adaptation aftereffects. Paper presented at the Australian Conference on Undergraduate Research, Perth.
  • Brooks, K., Stephen, I.D., Murley, A., Mond, J., & Stevenson, D. (2015, August). Representation of Body Size for Self and Other: simple-, cross- and contingent adaptation. Paper presented at the European Conference on Visual Perception, Liverpool, UK.
  • Brooks, K.R. & Stephen, I.D. (2015, August). Body adaptation and the representation of self and other. Invited colloquium at the Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK.
  • Wong, H.K., Stephen, I.D., & Keeble, D. (2015, July). Do I know you? The own-race bias and eye tracking for face recognition in Malaysians and Caucasians. Paper presented at the 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Vision (APCV 2015), Singapore.
  • Stephen, I.D., Hiew, V., Coetzee, V., Perrett, D.I., & Tiddeman, B. (2015, June). Predicting health from facial shape: A geometric morphometric modelling study. Paper presented at the Face and Object Perception Workshop, Macquarie University, Sydney.
  • Stephen, I.D., Hiew, V., Coetzee, V., Perrett, D.I., & Tiddeman, B. (2015, May). Predicting health from facial shape: A geometric morphometric modelling study. Paper presented at the 27th annual meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, University of Missouri, USA.
  • Brooks, K., Mond, J., Stevenson, R., & Stephen, I.D. (2015, April). Body size adaptation aftereffects in self and others. Paper presented at the 42nd Annual Australasian Experimental Psychology Conference (EPC), Sydney.
  • Stephen, I. (2014, September). The Psychology of Beauty. Colloquium at the Department of Psychology Seminar Series, HELP University, Malaysia.
  • Stephen, I.D., & Hiew, V. (2014, August). What’s in a face? Predicting health from facial shape. Paper presented at the XXII Biennial International Conference on Human Ethology (ISHE), Belem, Brazil.
  • Stephen, I.D., Hiew, V., Coetzee, V., Perrett, D.I., & Tiddeman, B. (2014, August). Predicting health from facial shape: A geometric morphometric modelling study. Paper presented at the XXII Biennial International Conference on Human Ethology (ISHE), Belem, Brazil.
  • Stephen, I.D. (2013, November). Facial shape predicts aspects of health: A geometric morphometric modelling study. Paper presented at the 3rd Malaysian Psychology Conference, University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia.
  • Lee, A.-S., Tan, C.B.Y., & Stephen, I.D. (2012, November). The role of processing orientation on face perception in Malaysian Chinese. Paper presented at the 2nd Malaysian Psychology Conference, Monash University, Malaysia.
  • Stephen, I.D. (2012, November). Healthy body, healthy face: The psychology of beauty. Paper presented at the 2nd Malaysian Psychology Conference, Monash University, Malaysia.
  • Stephen, I.E. (2012, November). The psychology of beauty. Paper presented at the 2nd Malaysian Psychology Conference, Monash University, Malaysia.
  • Teoh, Y.K.H., & Stephen, I.D. (2012, November). Detecting deception: Identifying genuine, masked and neutralised emotions in dynamic facial displays. Paper presented at the 2nd Malaysian Psychology Conference, Monash University, Malaysia.
  • Lee, A-S., Tan, C.B.Y., & Stephen, I.D. (2012, August). The role of processing orientation on face perception in Malaysian Chinese. Poster session presented at the XXI Biennial International Conference on Human Ethology (ISHE), Vienna, Austria.
  • Stephen, I.D., & Perera, A.T.M. (2012, August). Effects of short-term exposure to media images on judgements of BMI of women’s bodies as healthy and attractive. Paper presented at the XXI Biennial International Conference on Human Ethology (ISHE), Vienna, Austria.
  • Tan, K.W. & Stephen, I.D. (2012, August). Sensitivity threshold and cross race effect in facial colours discrimination. Paper presented at the XXI Biennial International Conference on Human Ethology (ISHE), Vienna, Austria.
  • Stephen, I.D. (2011, October). Skin pigment colouration: A perceptible cue to human health. Keynote paper presented at the 1st Malaysian Psychology Conference, University of Nottingham, Malaysia.
  • Tan, C.B.Y., Sheppard, E., & Stephen, I.D. (2011, October). You look familiar: How people recognise faces. Paper presented at the 1st Malaysian Psychology Conference, University of Nottingham, Malaysia.
  • Perrett, D.I., Re, D., Whitehead, R., Stephen, I.D., Coetzee, V., Lefevre, C., Moore, F., Xiao, D., & Ozakinci, G. (2011, July). Face colour, health, lifestyle and attractiveness. Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Human Behavior and Evolution Society Conference, Montpellier, France.
  • Stephen, I.D., Scott, I.M.L., Coetzee, V., Pound, N., & Penton-Voak, I.S. (2011, July). An "other-race" effect of colour, but not masculinity, preferences in men's faces. Paper presented at the Meeting of the Experimental Psychology Society, Nottingham, UK.
  • Stephen, I.D., Scott, I.M.L., Coetzee, V., Pound, N., & Penton-Voak, I.S. (2011, July). An “other-race” effect of colour, but not masculinity, preferences in men’s faces. Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Human Behavior and Evolution Society Conference , Montpellier, France.

Further Information

Contact Details

Telephone: +61 2 9850 4127
Email : ccd@mq.edu.au
Web : www.ccd.edu.au

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