Skip to Content

Associate Professor Richard Menary


Richard Menary

Associate Investigator

Contact Details

Office : W6A 732
Phone : +61 2 9850 6896
email :
Homepage :

External Address

Department of Philosophy
Macquarie University


  • Promotion to Level D (2015), Menary, R.
  • Promotion to Level C (2013), Menary, R.
  • University of Wollongong Research Excellence for Emerging Researchers Award - Highly Commended (2011), Menary, R.

Recent Grants Awarded

  • Macquarie University Future Fellowship Start-Up Grant (2014 - 2018) "Enculturated cognition." Menary, R. ($376,000)
  • ARC Future Fellowship [FT130100960] (2013 - 2017) "Enculturated cognition." Menary, R. ($589,656)
  • ARC Discovery Project [DP1095109] (2010 - 2013) "Embodied virtues and expertise." Menary, R., Gallagher, S., Hutto, D., Winch, C., & Simpson, D. ($293,000)

Media Engagement

  • In the Zone. ABC Radio National. 1 January 2013. (Menary, R.)
  • Extending the Mind. ABC Radio National. 25 March 2012. (Menary, R., Sutton, J.)

Selected Publications


  • Menary, R. (Ed.). (2010). The extended mind. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Menary, R. (2007). Cognitive integration: Mind and cognition unbounded. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Menary, R. (Ed.). (2006). Radical enactivism: Intentionality, phenomenology, and narrative. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins.

Book Chapters

  • Menary, R. (2015). Mathematical cognition: A case of enculturation. In T. Metzinger & J.M. Windt (Eds.), Open MIND. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: MIND Group.
  • Menary, R. (2015). What? Now. Predictive coding and enculturation - A reply to Regina E. Fabry. In T. Metzinger & J.M. Windt (Eds.), Open MIND. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: MIND Group.
  • Menary, R. (2013). The enculturated hand. In Z. Radman (Ed.), Hand: An organ of the mind. Cambridge: MIT press.
  • Menary, R. (2013). Extended mind. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the mind [Vol. 5] (pp. 336-339). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Pulications.
  • Menary, R. (2011). Our Glassy Essence: Pragmatist Approaches to the Self. In Gallagher, S. (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of the Self Oxford: OUP.
  • Menary, R. (2010). The Extended Mind in Focus. In Menary, R. (Ed.), The Extended Mind Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Menary, R. (2010). Cognitive Integration and the Extended Mind. In Menary, R. (Ed.), The Extended Mind Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Menary, R. (2009). Intentionality and Consciousness. In Banks, W. (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Consciousness : Elsevier.
  • Menary, R. (2009). The Virtuous Whisky Drinker. In Alhoff, F. (Ed.), Whiskey and Philosophy Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Menary, R. (2006). What is Radical Enactivism? In Menary, R. (Ed.), Radical Enactivism: Intentionality, Phenomenology, and Narrative. Consciousness and Emotion series: John Benjamins Publishing.


  • Menary, R. (2014). Neural plasticity, neuronal recycling and niche construction. Mind & Language, 29(3), 286-303. doi:10.1111/mila.12051
  • Menary, R. (2014). The aesthetic niche. British Journal of Aesthetics, 54(4), 471-475. doi:10.1093/aesthj/ayu045
  • Menary, R., & Kirchhoff, M. (2014). Cognitive transformations and extended expertise. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 46, 610-623. doi:10.1080/00131857.2013.779209
  • Menary, R. (2013). Cognitive integration, enculturated cognition and the socially extended mind. Cognitive Systems Research, 25-26, 26-34. doi:10.1016/j.cogsys.2013.05.002
  • Menary, R. (2012). Cognitive practices and cognitive character. Philosophical Explorations, 15(2), 147-164.
  • Menary, R. (2010). The Holy grail of cognitivism: A reply to Adams and Aizawa. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 9, 605-618.
  • Menary, R. (2010). Dimensions of mind. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 9, 561-578.
  • Menary, R. (2010). Introduction to the Special Issue on 4E Cognition [Special Issue]. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 9, 459463.
  • Menary, R. (2010). 4E Cognition: Embodied, Embedded, Enacted, Extended [Special Issue]. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 9.
  • Menary, R. (2009). Intentionality, cognitive integration and the continuity thesis. Topoi, 28, 31-43.
  • Menary, R. (2008). Embodied narratives. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 15, 63-84.
  • Menary, R. (2007). Writing as thinking. Language Sciences, 29, 621-632.
  • Menary, R. (2006). Attacking the bounds of cognition. Philosophical Psychology, 19, 329-344.
  • Menary, R. (2003). Wittgenstein and Peirce on doubt. Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, 26, 230-233.

Conference Presentations, Colloquia, and other presentations

  • Menary, R. (2015, April). Tracking in encultured cognitive systems. Paper presented at the Extended Knowledge Conference, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
  • Menary, R. (2015, February). What does culture scaffold? Paper presented at the Social Cognition Workshop, Wolloongong.
  • Menary, R. (2014, December). The origin of mathematical cognition: An integrated approach. Keynote paper presented at the 10th Conference of the Australasian Society for Cognitive Science, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Menary, R. (2014, October). Keynote paper presented at the Ernst Strungmann Forum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
  • Menary, R. (2014, October). Mathematical cognition: An integrated approach. Invited presentation given at the 33rd Annual Spindel Conference, University of Memphis, Tennessee, USA.
  • Menary, R. (2014, October). The origin of mathematical cognition. Colloquium at the Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
  • Menary, R. (2014, August). The enculturated brain: The case of mathematics. Presentation given at the Social Learning and Cultural Evolution in Animals and Humans Workshop, Macquarie University, Sydney.
  • Menary, R. (2014, July). Enculturated cognition. Keynote paper presented at the Summer School in Cognitive Sciences, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
  • Menary, R. (2014, June). Cognition and social niche construction. Colloquium at the School of Philosophy, Australian National University, Canberra.
  • Menary, R. (2014, May). Mathematical cognition: A case of enculturation. Keynote paper presented at the Intellectual Virtues, Group Knowledge and Education Workshop, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
  • Menary, R. (2014, May). Writing as transforming thinking. Keynote paper presented at the Enactive Cognition Conference, University of Antwerp, Belgium.
  • Menary, R. (2013, December). Great leaps or very short steps: How did language evolve? Paper presented at the Evolution of Language Workshop, Macquarie University, Sydney.

Further Information

Contact Details

Telephone: +61 2 9850 4127
Email :
Web :

Sign up to receive CCD event and research announcements

Upcoming CCD Seminars

Full Seminar List

Macquarie Univeristy Logo University of Western Australia Logo The University of Sydney Logo

University of New South Wales Logo University of New England logo